Skip to content


CAPUT SUCCEDANEUM is an inflammation around the skull that can make babies look like “conical heads”. It usually forms after difficulties with delivery. Caputsuccessdaneum usually goes away in a few days, but if bruising occurs, the baby can develop jaundice.

The baby’s skull is not hard and blends in like an adult. It is soft and consists of bony parts connected to each other in “sutures”. As the child grows, these soft skulls harden and stick together.

What is Caput Succedaneum and Cephalhematoma?

Brain hematoma occurs when blood is collected between the periosteum of the skull and the skull itself so that blood does not pass through the sutures.CaputSuccessdaneum affects diffuse swelling of the scalp, the subcutaneous fluid has nothing to do with the periosteum and the borderline is not clear.


CaputSuccessdaneum swells the newborn’s scalp. In most cases, this is due to pressure on the uterine or vaginal wall during head (crown) delivery.

CaputSuccessdaneum is likely to be very long and difficult to form when the baby is born. It is more common after membrane rupture. This is because the fluid in the amniotic sac is no longer a pillow for the baby’s head. Vacuuming during hard labor may also increase the chances of a successful move.
  • Soft, swollen swelling on the baby’s scalp
  • Possible bruising or color change in the swollen area of ​​the scalp
  • Swelling that may extend to both sides of the scalp
  • Swelling most often seen on the part of the head that represents the fir trees


There is no treatment for caputSuccessdaneum and it is not dangerous; it usually disappears on its own. And while it may cause your baby some mild discomfort, it does not cause severe pain and does not require any special care from parents.

How long does Caput Succedaneum last?

Caput Successdaneum usually resolves without intervention within a few days after delivery. When there are no other injuries or risk factors, the head hematoma can usually resolve without intervention within 2-6 weeks after delivery.

Causes and risk factors

The common cause of this disease is pressure on the baby’s head as it passes the cervical opening into the vaginal canal.

A condition called cephalohematoma can occur in babies. This is due to caputsuccessdaneum because the fluid that accumulates is often spilled into the baby’s scalp and is composed of blood from the blood vessels that break.

These conditions do not always occur in labor, sometimes because of pressure from the woman’s pelvic bone, which can affect the baby’s head

caputsuccessdaneum can be identified on ultrasound scans in late pregnancy, your head doctor recommends not to make many strong movements or carry too much weight as this can make the baby worse.

When there is a drop in the amount of amniotic fluid, this condition is called oligohydramnios.

effects that can occur are:

  • can pass a prolonged labor
  • premature ruptured menbranes can be broken
  • low levels of liquid in the uterus
  • first time giving birth
  • very complicated contractions
  • False positions of babies in the fetal stage

Very common symptoms of caputsuccedaneum

When a baby is born with this disease called caputsuccessdaneum, the parents can see the swelling that overhangs the scalp immediately after birth, and it’s likely to appear more in the center of the head where the baby’s head bones meet.

The baby’s head is usually bruised and another symptom of caputsuccessdaneum is noticed. Sometimes the area is sensitive to touch and this is common with this disease because it is a fracture of the baby’s head skull.
it is recommended not to make sudden movements to the baby and to take care of that part very much.

caputsuccedaneum vs cephalohematoma

the disease of cephalohematoma is collected in the blood in the periosteum of the bone, so that the lines of suture of the head are not crossed this implies that the caputsuccessdaneum causes a diffuse inflammation in the skull of the baby with accumulation of the subcutaneous liquid with margins badly defined

Treatment and long-term effects of babies with caput successdaneum

In most cases, rapid successful treatment is not required. It can go away on its own. However, if bruising is involved, it can lead to increased bilirubin and jaundice.

Jaundice is usually not a serious threat, and mild forms of jaundice usually resolve spontaneously. Sometimes jaundice needs treatment, including phototherapy, blood transfusion, or addressing any underlying cause.

If the most severe form of jaundice is not diagnosed or treated correctly, keratitis can develop, which is a dangerous form of permanent brain damage. Babies with kernerterus can develop cerebral palsy, hearing impairment, and other disabilities for life.



caput succedaneum images